Good Nutrition for Cattle

Nutrition is the organic substance that the organism needs for the normal functioning of the body system, growth, health maintenance. Nutrients are obtained from food and fluids which are then assimilated by the body. Animals need nutrients for their survival. Animals need food for fuel (chemical energy) for body work, carbon skeletons to make many of their own molecules, and essential nutrients that can not be made by the animal itself from any raw material and must be obtained from food in ready-to-use form.

Nutritional needs in animals are divided into two, namely essential nutrients and non-essential nutrients. Essential nutrients are chemical compounds that must be present in the diet, such as vitamins and minerals and also some amino acids and fatty acids (if not then the animals will die). Non-Essential Nutrients are chemical compounds that animals can produce from other molecules (not very important).

All organisms need nutrients to survive. At the cellular level, the biological molecules needed for animal function are amino acids, lipid molecules, nucleotides and simple sugars. However, the food consumed consists of protein, fat and complex carbohydrates. Animals must turn these macromolecules into simple molecules needed to maintain cellular functions, such as assembling new molecules, cells and tissues.

Conversion of food consumed and needed as a nutrient is a multi step process that involves digestion and absorption. During digestion, food particles are broken down into smaller components and then, they are absorbed by the body.

The success of the cattle business is strongly influenced by the quality of feed. Feed becomes one of the main factors of livestock business success, in addition to genetic and management factors. Therefore, the good cow’s seed of the superior type of selection should be balanced with good feeding as well. Therefore, genetically good cattle seeds will have good offspring properties as well if you get enough food and qualify. However, it is important to realize that adequate and qualified feeding does not mean that it can change the genetic properties of cows.

 But at the very least, adequate and eligible feeding will surely be able to bring out the innate traits of the cow nations, for example: the growth becomes more perfect and faster, and the percentage of carcass becomes better.

The feeding of cattle should be done continuously over time. Therefore, the feeding is not continuous will cause shocks to the cows so that growth is disrupted. This often happens to cows that are kept in the tropics, including in our country. Growth of cows that are kept in the tropics often experience a very sharp up-and-down curve.

 In the rainy season the growth and weight gain is very fast, as it gets enough and qualified food. But in the dry season the growth of body weight can decrease drastically. Because during the dry season the digestibility of grass / grass is reduced. This is mainly due to the loss of energy, minerals and proteins contained in forages / grasses due to lack of water. Thus the forages given to livestock are not eligible, even the volume of giving is often very less. The result is stunted growth, cattle that have grown weight loss / lean, as beef cattle do not meet the requirements, breeding retreat because of its fertility decreased, the percentage of carcass is also very low.

Therefore, the cattle ranchers, must try to provide enough food and quality in accordance with that required by the cows. Eligible animals are foods that contain: proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water. They can be provided in forage and concentrate. Therefore you should choose quality nutrition suppliers