Mycotoxin is an organic compound of secondary metabolic yeast (mold). In maize contaminated by Aspergillus flavus aflatoxin producer. Aflatoxin is a small molecule, insoluble in water, stable with various processing processes.
Post-harvest handling of agricultural materials as well as cereals and beans needs to be done well. Less dry grains (with water content 12%), will be overgrown by various types of fungi that potentially produce mycotoxins. Aflatoxin has a non-polar, heat-stable bifuran compound and is resistant to both physical and chemical treatment.
With these properties, aflatoxin that has contaminated the food is difficult to remove. Even aflatoxin B1 that contaminates the feed and consumed dairy cow also does not disappear altogether but turns into aflatoxin M1 that appears in milk that has a toxicity similar to aflatoxin B1. Accumulation of toxins in human or livestock bodies has hepatotoxic effects (liver damage), hepatocarcinogenic (liver cancer), mutagenic, teratogenic, or immunosuppressive.… Read the rest